Syzygium myrtifolium/ Syzygium Oleana
Syzygium fruit

Sygygium myrtifolium/ Sygygium oleana


"Thanks to its diverse bioactive compounds, Sygygium myrtifolium can provide many health benefits. This ornamental plant has high antioxidant and antibacterial activity, as well as antidiabetes."


Sygygium myrtifolium, is often seen decorating school or home gardens. Not only beautiful to look at, Sygygium myrtifolium ornamental plants can also provide health benefits. In its red top leaves, there are many natural compounds that have the potential to be used as herbal remedies. No wonder this ornamental plant can also be consumed as herbal tea. Let's see the review further.


Health Benefits of Sygygium myrtifolium

Sygygium myrtifolium are known to contain various bioactive compounds that have high antioxidant and antibacterial activity. These bioactive compounds include phenols, anthocyanins, polyphenols, and triterpenoids. Thanks to the content of these bioactive compounds, Sygygium myrtifolium can be used to help overcome various diseases. Here are some of the health benefits of Sygygium myrtifolium:


1. Fights Free Radicals

Antioxidants are known for their ability to ward off and fight free radicals, which can cause damage to cells in the body. Free radicals have also been linked to various health problems such as inflammation, premature aging, heart disease and cancer. By eating foods rich in antioxidants, such as Sygygium myrtifolium, you can avoid the harmful effects of free radicals.


2. Lowers Blood Sugar

Sygygium myrtifolium are also good for consumption by people with diabetes because they have anti-diabetic properties. An antidiabetic activity test of n-hexane extract of Sygygium myrtifolium leaves has been carried out, to determine the antidiabetic activity of the plant, with the main parameter being the percentage reduction in blood glucose levels. Parameters measured included percentage change in body weight, urine volume, drinking water volume, and relative organ weight. Well, according to the study, Sygygium myrtifolium were able to reduce blood glucose levels significantly when compared to the negative control.


3. Boosts Immune System

Sygygium myrtifolium, which are rich in antioxidants, are also beneficial for boosting the immune system, by preventing oxidative damage caused by excess free radicals. Free radicals can damage any cell in the body, including immune cells. By consuming Sygygium myrtifolium, the body can be protected from the adverse effects of free radicals and immunity is maintained.


4. Prevents Food-Induced Stomach Pain

The antibacterial compounds in Sygygium myrtifolium can also prevent stomach upset caused by food poisoning. This ornamental plant can help kill bacteria in food that cause stomachaches, such as Salmonella and E. Coli.


5. Fights Cancer Cell Growth

Sygygium myrtifolium contain anthocyanins, compounds that give the leaves and fruits of these ornamental plants their red color. Well, anthocyanins also function as antioxidants that can provide health benefits. One of them is inhibiting or stopping cancer growth. Studies show that anthocyanins fight cancer by blocking DNA changes that cause cancer, destroying cancer cells or stopping their growth. These compounds may also prevent tumors from becoming malignant and increase the sensitivity of tumors to chemotherapy.

Even so, further research is still needed on the efficacy of Sygygium myrtifolium against cancer.

Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 2022. Antioxidant Activity of Syzygium oleana.
Jurnal Farmasi Indonesia. Uji Aktivitas Antidiabetes Ekstrak N-Heksana Daun Pucuk Merah (Syzygium Myrtifolium Walp.) Terhadap Mencit Putih Diabetes.
Jurnal Kimia Mulawarman Volume 16. Isolasi dan identifikasi senyawa Triterpenoid dari ekstrak n-heksan fraksi 8 no dake-2 dari daun merah pucuk merah (Syzygium MyrtifoliumWalp.)

Cleveland Clinic. 5 Health Benefits of Anthocyanins